He commanded the ill-fated group of Georgia volunteers and Texans massacred at Goliad, Texas, on March 27, 1836. The Texians immediately formed a hollow square with their wagons and cannon placed in each corner for defense as Gen. Urrea's forces attacked. James Bonham (February 20, 1807 – March 6, 1836) was a 19th-century American soldier who died at the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution.He was a second cousin of Travis and was a messenger of the Battle of the Alamo.His younger brother, Milledge Luke Bonham, was a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army in the American Civil War, and served as Governor of South … General Urrea left Goliad, leaving command to Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla. [21] Fannin finally received the news of King and Ward's defeat from Hugh McDonald Frazer on March 17. After a fierce battle, the Mexicans lost about 100 to 200 killed and wounded; Texian losses were seven to nine killed and 60 wounded. James Fannin were born on Sunday, in a leap year, birthstone is Garnet, the seaon was Winter in the Chinese year of , it is 46 days until James Fannin next birthday. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. James Walker Fannin, Jr., Texas revolutionary, was probably born on January 1, 1804, in Georgia, the son of Dr. Isham Fannin. Hope this helps you! American war hero who was a U.S. military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution from 1835 until 1836. May 30, 1949) earned his B.S. Jane was born in 1764. The majority of the men serving under Fannin had been in Texas only a short time; he was frustrated by this, writing to Lt. He tried to institute regular Army discipline, but his irregular volunteers would not accept it. He made an influence during the Texas Revolution like William B. Travis. He was taken by Mexican soldiers to the courtyard in front of the chapel, blindfolded, and seated in a chair (due to his leg wound from the battle). He took part in the Battle of Gonzales on October 2 and urged Stephen F. Austin to send aid to Gonzales. James Walker Fannin Jr. In 1834, Fannin settled his family at Velasco, in colonial Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-trading syndicate. Full name : James Fannin How old is James Fannin: 32 years Male Birthday: January 1, 1804 Sun sign: Capricorn Nationality: Georgia, United States ⚰ Death date: March 27, 1836 #Youtube: James Fannin Youtube #Twitter: James Fannin Twitter #Wikipedia: James Fannin Wikipedia After some delay, Fannin and his men moved out on the 28th for the journey to San Antonio, a distance of more than 90 miles. He commanded the ill-fated group of Georgia volunteers and Texans massacred at Goliad, Texas, on March 27, 1836. In 1819, he entered the U. S. military academy at West Point under the name of James F. Walker, and remained for just over two years. Elizabeth was born on April 29 1877, in County Dublin, Ireland. [citation needed], Transporting nine cannons and more than 500 spare muskets, Fannin's forces were also heavily laden with supplies and baggage. At Victoria, the German-Mexican officer Juan José Holzinger saved two German Texans captured among King's men and 26 of Ward's troops by claiming to need them to build boats and transport cannon across the San Antonio River. [22], The Mexicans took the Texans back to Goliad, where they were held as prisoners at Fort Defiance. ...If Texas will now act promptly, she will soon be redeemed from that worse than Egyptian bondage which now cramps her resources and retards her prosperity. Born January 1, 1804, Fannin was the illegitimate son of a Morgan County plantation owner, Dr. Isham Fannin. [7] In Muscogee County, he was a member of the Temperance Society and served for a short time as a judge. Famous Birthdays #1: Today's Birthdays & Celebrity Deaths, March 27, 1836, Fort Defiance, Republic of Texas, Texas Revolution • Battle of Gonzales • Battle of Coleto Creek • Alamo Campaign • Battle of Goliad †. James Walker Fannin Jr. (1804 or 1805 – March 27, 1836) was a 19th-century slave-trader and American military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. An illegitimate son of a plantation owner, he was adopted by his mother’s father and raised near Marion, Georgia. The troops barely had crossed the San Antonio River when wagons broke down, prompting the men to camp within sight of Goliad. [8] By 1832, Fannin was involved in the (illegal) business of transporting slaves. View the Record. He made three requests: he asked for his personal possessions to be sent to his family, to be shot in his heart and not his face, and to be given a Christian burial. James Joseph Fanning, 1905 - 1976 James Joseph Fanning was born on month day 1905, at birth place, to Richard Fanning and Elizabeth Fanning (born Butler). James Walker Fannin, Jr. (January 1, 1804 ndash; March 27, 1836) was a 19th century U.S. military figure and Texas leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835 ndash;36.Fannin County, Texas and Fannin County, Georgia are named in his honor.… Plácido Benavides and six others escaped to notify Fannin of the situation.[17]. James R. Fannin was born on 1949-05-30. He began recruiting forces and supplies for the forthcoming and confusing Matamoros campaign against the Mexican city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas. On November 22, 1835, Fannin was honorably discharged from the volunteer army by Austin and began campaigning for a larger regular army for Texas. He married Minerva Fort. Different sources say his year of birth as either 1804 or 1805. This video is about James Walker Fannin Jr. Texas History - 1836 Goliad Massacre with Unseen Footage and Images of Artifacts in 360 Degrees - … In 1819 he began attending the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. He was adopted by his maternal grandfather and raised on a plantation. Birthplace. The same day, General Houston ordered Fannin to retreat to Victoria. The soldiers took his belongings, shot him in the face, and burned Fannin's body along with the other Texans who died that day.[23][24]. Mar 27, 1836 ( age 32 ) Popularity. He surrendered to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek and was executed soon after. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. He was adopted by his maternal grandfather, James W. Walker, and raised on a plantation near Marion. James Fannin Occupation: War Hero Place Of Birth: Georgia Date Of Birth: January1, 1804 Date Of Death: March 27, 1836 Cause Of Death: N/A Ethnicity: Unknown Nationality: American. This detachment was part of Urrea's larger force of nearly 1,200 men. Fannin withdrew 25 miles north to Goliad. On March 12, Fannin sent Captain Amon B. January Jan 1, 1804. James Walker Fannin was born January 1, 1804. Fannin County, Georgia and Fannin County, Texas is named in his honor. By September, Fannin was an active volunteer in the Texas Army.[10]. [9] By 1835, Fannin was involved in the growing Anglo-American resistance to the Mexican government in Texas. In numerous accounts of the Goliad Massacre, a Mexican woman, Francita Alavez, rescued about 20 Texan soldiers; she became known as "The Angel of Goliad". His professional experience includes operating a building construction business and Fannin Farm Supply in Jackson Parrish. By January 7, 1836, the provisional government had appointed Fannin "military agent", to answer only to the council and not Houston. When the Texas Revolution erupted … Capricorn War Hero #8. James Fannin led the rebels massacred at Goliad in 1836. fort indicates without proof that the father of james was captain james fanning who is buried in long island. James Walker Fannin Jr. distinguished himself in a number of skirmishes during the Texas Revolution. [1] Fannin wrote back requesting a field appointment of brigadier general and a "post of danger". In 1834, Fannin settled at Velasco in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-tr… [1], Sam Houston, supported by Governor Henry Smith, commissioned Fannin as a colonel in the regular army on December 7, 1835. On March 14, 1836, Ward and King were attacked by Urrea and more than 200 Mexican soldiers as they were about to leave. [18] King and his men confronted an advance party of General Urrea's cavalry in the Battle of Refugio; his defense failed and he withdrew to the old mission. [22], The next day, Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836, Colonel Portilla had 400 Texans marched out of Fort Defiance into three columns on the Bexar Road, San Patricio Road, and Victoria Road. He wrote letters seeking financial assistance and volunteers to help Texas. His defeat inspired the victory that secured Texas independence. Born January 1, 1804, the son of Dr. Isham Fannin … Research genealogy for James FANNIN of Kentucky, USA, as well as other members of the FANNIN family, on Ancestry®. James Walker Fannin, Jr. was a 19th-century U. S. military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. Fannin (b. Fellow citizens ... We urge as many as can possibly leave their homes to repair to Gonzales immediately, "armed and equipped for war even to the knife." [26] In addition, Colonel Garay, Father Maloney (also referred as Molloy), Urrea's wife, and an unnamed girl were credited with rescuing prisoners during the Goliad Campaign. Fannin later worked with James Bowie, First Battalion, First Division, under Austin's orders to secure supplies and determine the conditions in and around Gonzales and San Antonio de Bexar. [1], He was born in Georgia to Isham Fannin, a veteran of the War of 1812. Timeline of the Texas Revolution - This is a timeline of the Texas Revolution, spanning the time from the earliest independence movements of the area of Texas, over the declaration of independence from Spain, up to the secession of the Republic of Texas from Mexico. in agriculture education from Louisiana Tech University. [20], On March 19, 1836, Fannin led the Texians on a retreat from Presidio La Bahia (which Fannin had renamed Fort Defiance)[21] and destroyed everything which they could not take with them. Born on a plantation just north of Marion (near Warner Robins) James Fannin joined the "Texians" when they revolted against dictator Santa Anna. James Walker Fannin, Jr. was the Colonel of the Texas Army during the Texas Revolution of 1835-36. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 14:41. James H. Fannin (1873-1941);Ky By Wiley Jarrell April 19, 2004 at 06:26:22. He joined the United States Military Academy at West Point in July 1819 and later worked as a merchant. James Walker Fannin, Jr. was born on New Years' Day, 1804, near Marion, Georgia. Isham's father James W. Fannin dropped the "g" from the family name and settled in Georgia. Different sources say his year of birth as either 1804 or 1805. Fannin and his men were outnumbered and executed by the Mexicans at the Battle of Coleto Creek. At about 3 pm, Mexican cavalry appeared. Bonham entere… A major street in downtown Shreveport, Louisiana, is named after him. Date & year unknown Period: Jan 1, 1804 to Mar 27, 1836. [20] Fannin needed means of transport and had sent Albert C. Horton and his men to Victoria, to bring carts and 20 yokes of oxen from Army quartermaster John J. Linn, who did return around March 16. James L … Ward managed to drive the small Mexican force away and decided to stay the night to rest his men. His West Point background served him well organizing troops, but he had a tarnished career as a commander. Appeals from Travis at the Alamo (via James Bonham) prompted Fannin to launch a relief march of more than 300 men and four pieces of artillery on February 25, 1836. January 01 Horoscope . Although she was not married to his father, the Walker family raised him. Fannin sent Lieutenant Colonel William Ward and about 120 men to King's aid. Born mentally handicapped, Minerva lived with her family until after her mother's death in 1837 or 1838. The relief mission was a failure. Most Popular #79514. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. Other dispatches were intercepted by the Centralista forces, informing them of Fannin's plans. [15] They had little or no food, some men were barefooted, and the oxen teams wandered off during the night. Fannin was the last to be executed, after seeing his men killed. He resigned from West Pointdue to poor grades, absences and tardiness. On March 6, 1836, the Battle of the Alamo was fought, with all the Alamo's defenders (about 187 men) being killed by Mexican forces. James Walker Fannin Jr. was a 19th-century American military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. He also went home to spend time with his family. He was adopted by his maternal grandfather, James W. Walker, and reared on a plantation near Marion, Georgia. The Texans thought they would likely be set free in a few weeks. James Fannin was born on the 1st of January, 1804. James Walker Fannin, Jr. was a 19th-century U.S. military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36.. Born January 1, 1804, Fannin was the illegitimate son of a Georgia plantation owner, Dr. Isham Fannin. Dr. James Grant, Robert C. Morris and 12 others were killed, with prisoners taken. His ancestors, who spelled the family name Fanning, lived in America during the Revolutionary War, a family with divided loyalties during the conflict. james served in the revolutionary war and received bounty land in greene county, gorgia. Bonham was a second cousin to Alamo commander William B. Travis and their families attended the same church in South Carolina. [16], The Battle of Agua Dulce was fought on March 2. Isham was born on April 27 1778, in Saint George Parish, Effingham County, Georgia. Remembered as the Commander of the doomed garrison at the Presidio LaBahia at Goliad, James Walker Fannin, Jr., carried the heavy responsibility of the lives of his men with increasing anguish during the cold, gray days of March 1836. On March 26, 1836, 19:00, Santa Anna ordered Portilla to execute the prisoners. James Walker Fannin, 1804 - 1836 James Walker Fannin was born on month day 1804, at birth place, to Isham Saffold Fanning and Jane Fannin (born Walker). Fannin County in north Georgia is named for Georgian James Fannin, who fought in the Texas independence movement. Urrea wrote to Santa Anna to ask for clemency for the Texans. Other articles where James Fannin is discussed: Goliad: James Fannin surrendered (March 20, 1836, after the Battle of Coleto Creek) to superior Mexican forces under Gen. José Urrea. They defeated Texian forces at the Battle of San Patricio on February 27, where 20 were killed and prisoners were taken. Although Mexican law stipulated that foreign belligerents taken on Mexican soil be executed for piracy, Fannin surrendered with the understanding that his men would be… Many of his men thought he was aloof, and several historians believe that he was an ineffective commander because of it. Fannin sent word to the men at Refugio to rendezvous with his command at Victoria. Horton's men would later form Fannin's advance guard during the retreat to Victoria. He was born near Red Bank (now Saluda), South Carolina, a son of James and Sophia (Smith)(Sophia was his father's second wife) Bonham, who had moved to South Carolina from Maryland shortly after the American Revolution. American soldier and leader during the Texas Revolution, Failed expedition to support the Alamo and aftermath, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Fannin&oldid=993610360, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox military person with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Georgia. A middle school in Amarillo, Texas, is named for him. Born in South Carolina, United States on 1813 to Abraham Fannin and Elizabeth Cholfahn /Choljohn Warner. [2], Fannin enrolled in the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819. Fannin had difficulty leading the volunteers in his charge. James Walker Fannin was born in early 1804 in Georgia. King and about 28 men to take wagons to Refugio to help evacuate the remaining families. He was memorialized in several place names, including a military training camp and a major city street of Houston. They were shot point blank, between two rows of Mexican soldiers, and any survivors were clubbed or knifed to death. Urrea wrote in his diary that he "... wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility."